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Jul 25, 2012 · We investigated whether symbolic endogenous attentional cues affect perceptual accuracy and reaction time (RT) via different cognitive and neural processes. We recorded magnetoencephalography in 19 humans while they performed a cued somatosensory discrimination task in which the cue–target interval was varied between 0 and 1000 ms. However, spatial cues not only allocate attention to a target’s location, but also reduce the spatial uncertainty of the target (Luck & Thomas, 1999).Although the higher salience of emotional cues could, indeed, enhance the attentional response at the cued location, the more salient valid emotional cues could also be more effective than valid neutral cues at restricting the perceptual ...In other words, the cue would become informative, giving participants a reason to attend to it. This kind of voluntary attentional allocation to the cue would inflate the amount of capture. An alternative approach to mixing set sizes would be to allow the salient cue to appear at any of the eight locations (even at Set Size 2).The role of cue–target translation in backward inhibition of attentional set. Houghton, G., Pritchard, R., & Grange, J.A. Abstract. Backward inhibition (BI) ...The purpose of this study was to assess stress effects on the top-down control of spatial attention isolated from concurrent bottom-up mechanisms. We analyzed posterior alpha lateralization in the cue-target interval reflecting cue-dependent attentional top-down effects in the absence of stimulus processing.Concentration on irrelevant cues should result in a decrease in the quality of her performance. As arousal increases, the athlete’s attention begins to narrow. A good example of attentional narrowing is cue utilization. When the athlete is in her optimal performance zone , she is able to cpncentrate on relevant cues and ignore the irrelevant ...The attentional cue is on for 100 msec, the cue-target interval is either 300 or 1500 msec (short/long cue), and finally the target appears for 50 msec in either the left or right box. The beginning of a trial was indicated by the brightening (100 msec) of part of the central cue (Fig. 1b). Targets appeared for 50 msec in one of the two ...While over the years researchers have used different variants of this task, a typical sequence of events remains the same: After the presentation of an attentional cue, a target requiring a response is shown at either the cued location or an uncued location after a time delay usually ranging from 100–1000 ms (i.e., cue-target interval).An attention signal is an action completed by the teacher that is met with a reaction by the students. Perhaps the most basic of these call-and-responses is the often used: “1–2–3, eyes on me!” “1–2, eyes on you!”. Signals for classroom management can also be ways to begin a transition or communicate with each other during ...a patient population known to have deficits in attention (Crawford et al., 2010), and that it can be generated by non-visual cues of attention (Shimojo, Miyauchi, & Hikosaka, 1997). These findings are consistent with predictions drawn from the attentional gradient explanation for flashILM (Hikosaka, Miyauchi, & Shimojo, 1993a, 1993b, 1993c)andFor those that need a refresher, broadly speaking, there are 2 types of attentional focus cues - internal and external: Internal: Bringing attention / focus to a body part or segment (ex: focusing on your wrist position at contact). External: Bringing attention / focus to something in the environment (ex: hitting past a target, like the service ...Apr 14, 2022 · For those that need a refresher, broadly speaking, there are 2 types of attentional focus cues - internal and external: Internal: Bringing attention / focus to a body part or segment (ex: focusing on your wrist position at contact). External: Bringing attention / focus to something in the environment (ex: hitting past a target, like the service ... On valid trials, the attentional cue at the beginning of the trial — whether it was selected by the participant based on memory, or explicitly instructed — matched the probe at the end (e.g., participants were attending to room layouts, and at the end of the trial were probed as to whether there was a room match).Nov 1, 2021 · Apply It! • Explore how attentional focused cues affect performance based on exercise modality and intensity. • Identify how and when to apply cues that target internal or external focus to ... Feb 25, 2021 · Visual attentional processes have been an important topic in psychological research for years. Over the last few decades, new methods have been developed, aiming to explore the characteristics of the focus of attention in more detail. Studies that applied the “Attention-Window Task” (AWT) quantified the maximum extent of the “Attention Window” (AW) along its horizontal, vertical, and ... There’s no doubt about it: New York City’s Central Park is impressive. An 840-acre slab of green space, right in the heart of Manhattan. But while Central Park may be the most famous of urban parks, that doesn’t mean it’s the only one worth...The two-rectangle method was used with the cue validity of 50%. Attentional priority was manipulated by varying the probability that a target would appear in each of the two uncued locations. On invalidly cued trials, the target appeared in the high-probability location (defined by an absolute spatial location, e.g., upper right) 83% of the ...These supplemental verbal sensory cues highlight attentional and informational processes that influence learning or performance (Landin, 1994); verbal cues also served as positive reinforcement ...These sets of results showed that unconscious guidance of attention is susceptible to attentional control settings. Similarly, Mulckhuyse, Talsma, and Theeuwes [ 38] also showed that cues presented subliminally can exogenously capture attention. A single grey circle presented for 16 ms served as the subliminal cue.The distinction between attentional cueing strategies that must be generated internally through cognitive processes (such as thinking about the movement or size of a step) and external cues (auditory rhythmic tones) may therefore be important. A combination of cueing strategies may prove useful to address the wide variety of …Attentional selection is driven, in part, by a complex interplay between endogenous and exogenous cues. Recently, one’s interactions with the physical world have also been shown to bias attention. Specifically, the sense of agency that arises when our actions cause predictable outcomes biases our attention toward those things which we control. We investigated how this agency-driven ...Attentional. Nghe phát âm. / Phiên âm này đang chờ bạn hoàn thiện /. Bản mẫu:Phiên âm.If the attentional response is automatic, we would expect to see cuing even in non-predictive conditions, because in the absence of a reliable relationship between the direction of the central cue and location of the target, any RT advantage in the direction of the central image is attributed to the inherent attentional directing of the cue.Heeren A, Maurage P, Philippot P. Revisiting attentional processing of non-emotional cues in social anxiety: a specific impairment for the orienting network of attention. Psychiatry Res. 2015;228: ...This hypothesis was supported by some research in attention. For example, under high physiological arousal, the attention field narrows (cf. Easterbrook, 1959), which has a positive effect on performance if it blocks out unimportant distractions but a negative effect if the narrowing is so great that task-relevant cues are missed.For the cue-frequent group (N = 18), the attentional cues (valid, neutral, and invalid) were presented in 83% of all trials, while in the rest, no cue was presented. For the cue-infrequent group (N = 19), the probability of cue presentation was 25%. In both groups, there were 8 experimental blocks, each of which contained 96 trials. ...Apr 14, 2015 · Attentional-focus cues can be either internal (directed toward the body) or external (targeting something beyond the body) (Wulf, Hoss & Prinz 1998). Two examples: Internal cue: A trainer guiding a client through the upward portion of a bench press says, “Focus on extending your arms and squeezing your chest.”. The phenomenon of valid cues producing longer reaction times than invalid cues is called inhibition of return. Endogenous (from Greek endo , meaning "within" or "internally") orienting is the intentional allocation of attentional resources to a predetermined location or space.Introduction. Reflexive orienting acts to interrupt ongoing behavior by rapidly shifting attention toward an unexpected event. In the laboratory, this behavior is typically elicited and measured using the Posner cuing task, where a cue is used to attract participants' attention to a location in space that may contain a response target (e.g., …Jan 12, 2021 · In addition, we did not find attentional bias in the cueing pair of low versus no reward, even though during training the two cues also showed a significant difference in their selection rates. Taken together, these results indicated that the attentional effect might not be caused by a habit/orienting response or selection history of a specific ... colors focuses on benefits to attentional processing for these informative cues compared with the neutral cue baseline. Some typical dependent variables indicating a benefit include faster RTs, higher accuracy, or overt or covert attentional measures of greater attention to target-colored items than distractor-colored items.Dec 9, 2021 · The orienting network was operationalized via the Validity effect (invalid cue minus valid cue, across target conditions), which is a combination of disengaging attention from an invalid location (invalid cue minus double cue, the Disengaging effect) and moving and engaging the attentional focus to a validly cued location (valid cue minus ... Given previous findings that the body appears to inform initial estimates of a person’s facing direction, with attentional cues then read from head tuning and eye gaze (Hietanen 2002; Pomianowska et al. 2011), an oriented body alone may not serve as an effective cueing stimulus. The second objective is to explore gender differences in the ...Attention-deficit disorder (ADD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are common childhood neurodevelopmental disorders that can cause serious disruptions in daily life. Both disorders result in ongoing inattention and/or imp...Importantly, the cue-related P100 was larger for subsequently seen targets than for unseen targets when attentional cues were valid; in contrast, P100 was larger for subsequently unseen than for seen targets when attentional cues were invalid (Figure 3). The P100 component elicited by the cue might well index the capture of attention that the ...Here, non-attentional sensory effects were controlled and the remaining effects matched closely the purely attentional effects measured by a cueing paradigm. Using these controls, set-size effects ...Oct 6, 2021 · The spatial cueing paradigm is a popular tool to investigate under what conditions irrelevant objects capture attention against the observer’s intention. In this paradigm, finding better visual search performance when the target appears at the location of an irrelevant cue is taken to indicate that this cue summoned attention to its location, before the search display appeared. Here, we ... We manipulated cue validity among three experiments to further investigate the effects of probability of target appearance on attentional selection. Experiment 1 is …How attentional modulation on brain activities determines behavioral performance has been one of the most important issues in cognitive neuroscience. This issue has been addressed by comparing the temporal relationship between attentional modulations on neural activities and behavior. Our previous study measured the time …LEARNING OBJECTIVES. After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Understand why the attentional focus of external cues improves motor skill learning. Understand how the constrained action hypothesis explains the effectiveness of external versus internal cues. Understand the effect of attentional focus on the neuromuscular …We manipulated cue validity among three experiments to further investigate the effects of probability of target appearance on attentional selection. Experiment 1 is …Oct 13, 2022 · Thus, group-based cue selection is an advanced attentional selection mechanism that dynamically tracks individual social cues, integrates pieces of individual and group social information to ... Ever at dinner with someone who can't look away from the Crackberry? Technologist Linda Stone says this isn't just multi-tasking, it's a case of "continuous partial attention": Ever at dinner with someone who can't look away from the Crackb...Previous studies have shown that attention becomes biased toward those locations that frequently contain a target and is biased away from locations that have a high probability to contain a distractor. A recent study showed that participants also learned regularities that exist across trials: Participants were faster to find the singleton when its …PMID: 16502846. 10.3758/bf03193557. We investigated the role of spatial probabilities in target location during participants' performance of a visual search task. Experiments 1 and 2 demonstrated that spatial probabilities could serve as a powerful attentional bias that produced faster detection of targets in high-probability locations than of ... In pre-cue tasks, cues are presented before the encoding period and reduce the memory load, confusing the retrieval of pure attentional effects. However, in retro-cue tasks, retro-cues are presented during retention and obtain cleaner attentional effects, which involves top-down executive control on WM representations.Jul 25, 2012 · We investigated whether symbolic endogenous attentional cues affect perceptual accuracy and reaction time (RT) via different cognitive and neural processes. We recorded magnetoencephalography in 19 humans while they performed a cued somatosensory discrimination task in which the cue–target interval was varied between 0 and 1000 ms. Jan 12, 2021 · In addition, we did not find attentional bias in the cueing pair of low versus no reward, even though during training the two cues also showed a significant difference in their selection rates. Taken together, these results indicated that the attentional effect might not be caused by a habit/orienting response or selection history of a specific ... This BM-triggered attentional effect persists when only the feet motion cue is displayed and observers are naïve to its biological nature . Moreover, such attentional orienting behavior triggered ...Sep 22, 2022 · To test for attentional facial effects due to lateralized cue presentation, N170 differences were investigated by using contra-ipsi-differences. Contra-ipsi analysis was again performed by using the contra-ipsi function of erplab [ 45 ], however, this time comparing N170 ipsi/contra-activity of the left electrode P7 with the corresponding ipsi ... In keeping with that, in the present experiment the EDAN-like effect is most likely to reflect detection and selection mechanisms of task-relevant features of attentional cue stimuli instead of attentional orienting. Arrows and eye-gaze differed systematically with respect to the relation between physical features and attentional direction.Dec 24, 2020 · The results identified that attentional deficits in intellectual disability are overall more pronounced in top-down rather than in bottom-up processing, but with different magnitudes across cue types: The auditory or tactile endogenous cues were much less effective than the visual endogenous cue in the intellectual disability group. Attentional. Nghe phát âm. / Phiên âm này đang chờ bạn hoàn thiện /. Bản mẫu:Phiên âm.The spatial cueing paradigm is a popular tool to investigate under what conditions irrelevant objects capture attention against the observer’s intention. In this paradigm, finding better visual search performance when the target appears at the location of an irrelevant cue is taken to indicate that this cue summoned attention to its location, before the search display appeared. Here, we ...Jul 26, 2021 · The dichotic listening task manipulated the attentional focus and semantic predictability of upcoming input using two separate visual cues. We investigated whether informative cues would enhance ... How attentional modulation on brain activities determines behavioral performance has been one of the most important issues in cognitive neuroscience. This issue has been addressed by comparing the temporal relationship between attentional modulations on neural activities and behavior. Our previous study measured the time …Comparing behavioral and neural measures, we show that (1) attentional cueing affects accuracy and RT with different time courses and (2) the time course of our neural …The modified Posner task (food cue attention task; FCAT) was chosen because it allows both the assessment of attentional engagement toward food cues as well as disengagement away from food cues. Following the FCAT, participants completed questionnaires relating to health status, trait humor, and eating behavior to control for possible confounds.the attentional cue was valid). On the remaining 20% of trials (invalid trials), we tested performance at the unattended location using only aAlthough both gaze cues and arrow cues contain directional properties, what makes the gaze cue unique is its social meaning. Attentional shift by gaze cues has been regarded as a precursor of gaze‐following ability (Emery, 2000). Gaze following is essential to joint attention and the “theory of mind” system (Baron‐Cohen, 1995).Dec 21, 2021 · The results identified that attentional deficits in intellectual disability are overall more pronounced in top-down rather than in bottom-up processing, but with different magnitudes across cue types: The auditory or tactile endogenous cues were much less effective than the visual endogenous cue in the intellectual disability group. The difference in the use and effectiveness of tYou might be asking friends, searching for clues in him, or just plain Highlights Rapid arrow cueing effects previously attributed to rapid attentional orienting. We observed rapid effects only for long-duration cue and target stimuli. Largest effect when target simultaneous with cue, before attention can shift. Effects reflect slowing for invalidly cued targets, not speeding for valid targets. Effects attributable to cue-target … You might be asking friends, searching for c Sep 22, 2022 · To test for attentional facial effects due to lateralized cue presentation, N170 differences were investigated by using contra-ipsi-differences. Contra-ipsi analysis was again performed by using the contra-ipsi function of erplab [ 45 ], however, this time comparing N170 ipsi/contra-activity of the left electrode P7 with the corresponding ipsi ... Wainstein et al., 2017). For example, Irons and colleagues (2017) show...

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